The ocean is an enormous source of energy. Covering approximately 70% of the Earth, it is estimated that 0.1% of the energy in ocean waves could be capable of supplying the entire world’s energy requirements five times over. The possibility of generating electrical power from this energy has been recognized for many years, with the first patent on wave energy conversion was issued as early as 1799. Unlike other renewable resources, ocean energy is not captured from a single source but is stored in a variety of forms and specific technologies have developed to capture energy from each form. These include tidal and marine energy, wave energy, difference of temperature, and salinity energy, with the two most advanced areas of development being tidal and wave energy.
“Man only needs to exercise his engineering ingenuity to convert the ocean’s surge into a national assets!”
- President John F. Kennedy-