The United Nations Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) sets an overall framework for intergovernmental efforts to tackle the challenge posed by climate change.
It recognizes that the climate system is a shared resource whose stability can be affected by industrial and other emissions of carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases.
By differentiating between industrialized and EIT (Economies in Transition) countries (Annex I countries) and developing countries (non-Annex I countries), the UNFCCC recognizes that industrialized countries are responsible for most of the global greenhouse gas emissions and also have the institutional and financial capacities for reducing them.
The Parties meet annually to review progress and discuss further measures, and a number of global monitoring and reporting mechanisms are in place to keep track of greenhouse gas emissions.
189 countries around the world have joined this international treaty that sets general goals and rules for confronting climate change.
Under the Convention, governments:
- Gather and share information on greenhouse gas emissions, national policies and best practices.
- Launch national strategies for addressing greenhouse emissions and adapting to expected impacts, including the provision of financial and technological support to developing countries.
- Cooperate in preparing for adaptation to the impacts of climate change.